What Was The Major Areas Of Agreement And Disagreement At The Constitutional Convention Of 1787

On 4 June, delegates debated the Review Board. Wilson and Alexander Hamilton of New York disagreed with the mix of executive and judicial functions. They wanted the president to use an absolute veto to guarantee his independence from the legislature. Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania recalled how colonial governors used their veto to “extort money from the legislature” and refused to give the president an absolute veto. Gerry suggested that a two-thirds majority in both houses of Congress should be able to override any veto by the Review Board. This was changed to replace the board with the president alone, but Madison insisted on retaining an audit board and the review of the veto was postponed. [83] I don`t trust you, gentlemen. If you have the power, the abuse of it could not be controlled; and what would then prevent you from exercising it until our destruction?. . . Yes, sir, the big states will be rivals, but not against one another – they will be rivals with the rest of the states. Will you destroy small states, or should they remain unmested? Sooner than being ruined, there are foreign powers that will take us by the hand. Delegates or state representatives debated for months what would be included in the constitution.

Some states were in favor of a strong central government, while other states were against. Large states felt they should have greater representation in Congress, while smaller states wanted equal representation to larger ones. Nathaniel Gorham proposed a compromise – appointment by the president with “Senate council and approval.” Although the meaning of “consultation and consent” has not yet been defined, there was some support for the proposal. On July 21, Madison proposed an alternative compromise — the president would appoint judges, but the Senate could veto a two-thirds majority appointment. This proposal would have made it very difficult for the Senate to block the appointment of judges. Madison`s proposal found no support, and delegates eventually confirmed that the Senate would appoint judges. [119] On this last day of the Constitutional Convention, it was left to the Convention`s oldest delegate, Benjamin Franklin, eighty-one, to summarize the nearly four-month debates, disagreements, and occasional outbursts of bad humor that had characterized this summer`s negotiations.